Components of Subluxation
There are five components that contribute to the vertebral subluxation complex (VSC).
1. Kinesiopathology – the loss of normal vertebral positioning and movement in relation to neighboring vertebrae often resulting in irritation or impingement of the nerve itself.
2. Myopathology pathological changes to the muscles that help hold the vertebrae in place.A subluxation can irritate a nerve, the irritated nerve can cause a muscle to spasm, the spasmed muscle pulls the attached vertebrae out of place, which then further irritates the nerve.
3. Neuropathology – is the disruption of the normal flow of energy along the nerve fibers, irritation or injury to spinal nerve through compression, stretch or more commonly chemical irritation from nearby spinal structures.
4. Histopathology –pathological changes which occur to the spinal tissues such as abnormal bony growths off the vertebral bodies and joints, fibrosis and adhesions of spinal muscles, tendons, blood supply and ligaments, as well as dehydration and degeneration of spinal discs.
5. Pathophysiology – is the change in the chemistry of the body taking place in the spinal region which include inflammatory biochemicals from injured tissues and biochemical waste products.
Each component of the subluxation must be eliminated for proper healing to occur and for the rehabilitation process to be successful. While full understanding of all components is not necessary, you should be aware of the complexity involved. Patients should also be aware that pain is but a small element of most diseases and disorders. Pain is a very poor indicator of your need for further treatment as pain generally subsides well before tissue healing and mechanical normalization has completed.
These changes get progressively worse over time if they are not treated correctly, leading to chronic pain, inflammation, arthritis, muscle trigger points, the formation of bone spurs, loss of movement, as well as muscle weakness and spasm. Chiropractors have known the dangers of the vertebral subluxation complex ever since the begining of the profession. Numerous scientific research is demonstrating the tremendous detrimental impact that subluxation have on the tissue of the body. In order to be truly healthy, it is vital that your nervous system be working free of interference from subluxations. Chiropractors are the only health professionals specialized in the detection, location, and correction of the vertebral subluxation complex through chiropractic care.